Victoria

Made fashionable by Queen Victoria, which is where it got its name (though it wasn’t called a victoria until the 1870s).

It was lower to the ground and had comfortable seating, making it popular with ladies, and had a coachman’s box in front. Though it had a foldable head and apron, it was mostly just a fine weather carriage. There was a third seat that could be folded down, though it wouldn’t have been comfortable for long journeys. Most wealthy households owned at least a Victoria and Brougham. These had “wings”, which were the name of mud flaps that helped to protect the large skirts of female passengers; they were unique to Victoria carriages.

  • Seats: 2 passengers (with a possible 1 more) + coachman &  groom

  • Horses: 1 or 2