Landau

A very common style of carriage that had a vis-a-vis seating arrangement with a foldable head that could be fully closed or opened wide (depending on weather conditions, what there was to see, and how much you wanted to be seen). It is very similar to a barouche, but the main difference is that landaus have two heads that enclose the body and the barouche has only one over the principal seat at the back.

 

Landaus were very popular with the professional and middle classes because they were versatile and could be used for all types of driving conditions. 

Postillion Landau

Also known as an Ascot Landau (because it is used in the Royal Ascot procession)

Used for traveling or ceremonial purposes. It was driven by a postilion.

  • Seats: 4 passengers + 2 footmen

  • Horses: 4

Sefton Landau

This was a lightweight version of the landau that could be pulled by a single horse. It was introduced in the mid-1800s and was rather revolutionary at the time as earlier versions tended to be quite heavy.

  • Seats: 4 passengers + coachman &  groom

  • Horses: 1 or 2

Canoe Landau

The name came from the canoe shape of the underside of the carriage body.

  • Seats: 4 passengers + coachman &  groom

  • Horses: 1 or 2