Also known as a Dogcart Phaeton

They were either 2 or 4 wheeled and were the ultimate sporting carriage that were driven by the owner and not a coachman. They were originally designed to carry dogs in the back (with vents in the side to provide ventilation and even little steps for the dogs to climb up). They were useful for all country pursuits, so they were found at most country houses. Towards the end of the 18th century, they were used for many things other than sporting because they were quite versatile.

A two-wheeled dogcart had only one bench seat and carried two passengers. A four-wheeled dogcart had another bench seat that sat with its back to the front seat. Dogcarts didn’t have a head, so the passengers had no cover from the weather.

  • Seats:

    • Two-Wheeled: 2 passengers

    • Four-Wheeled: 4 passengers

  • Horses

    • Two-Wheeled: 1 or 2 (tandem)

    • Four-Wheeled: 2 or 4

Ralli Car

This was a carriage identical to a dogcart that it's basically the same vehicle, but the storage was intended for luggage and goods rather than dogs. The main difference is that the body had solid curved panels along the sides, rather than seat rails, and it could be used with a single horse. Like the dogcart, it could be found in either two-wheeled or four-wheeled varieties, had no head, and was always driven by the owner.

It was a popular carriage until the end of the 18th century and then reappeared in WW2 when gas rationing was introduced.

  • Seats: 4 passengers

  • Horses: 1

Whitechapel Cart

Made popular by King Edward VII because it was fast, versatile, and smart for sporting and hunting. It was owner driven with passengers sitting back to back. A section of the back (known as the “tailboard”) could be dropped to act as a footboard. All two-wheeled carriages with this type of seating arrangement have to have a moveable front seat so that it could be adjusted for better balance, and this one had a hand crank that could be wound to move it forward or backward.

They were especially popular among London tradesmen such as butchers and grocers and got its name from the fact that it was used a lot in the Whitechapel part of London.

  • Seats: 4 passengers

  • Horses: 1 or 2 (in tandem)