Barouche

Originally known as a German Wagon

Introduced at the end of the 18th century. These carriages were elegant family vehicles, predominantly used by the wealthy. It was popular for social drives through the park as its design was perfect for being viewed while driving.

A carriage that had a main, front-facing seat and a head that covers those passengers. It had another bench seat that was placed vis-à-vis with the main seat, and in many styles, it was a seat that could be folded up or down and was only used for short journeys. It had a foldable head that covered only the main seat, leaving those in the back-facing seat unprotected. On the back was a rumble seat for footmen and there was a handbrake in the back that they could use to slow the carriage while traveling downhill.

It is very similar to a landau, but the main difference is that landaus have two heads that enclose the body and the barouche has only one over the principal seat at the back.

  • Seats: 2 passengers (with a possible 2 more) + 2 footmen (postillion driven)

  • Horses: 2 or 4

Park Barouche

This barouche had a shallow body that made it easier to be seen in the carriage while driving, which made it a perfect vehicle for driving through the park.

  • Seats: 2 passengers (with a possible 2 more) + coachman &  groom

  • Horses: 4

Traveling Barouche

Also known as a Road Barouche

A barouche designed for long distances. It had a folding wooden apron known as a water deck and a screen of small glazed windows to protect the occupants (all of which could be folded away in fine weather). It was driven by a coachman in town and a postillion on long journeys; the coachman’s seat could be unhinged to create a luggage platform.

  • Seats: 2 passengers (with a possible 2 more) + coachman &  groom (postillion for long journeys)

  • Horses: 2 or 4

Britzchka

First introduced in the 1820s from Germany, and the name comes from the Polish word for “traveling wagon”.

It’s very similar to a traveling barouche but with a more angular body shape. It also has a removable silk sun visor, a large boot for luggage (the coachman’s seat is removable for a luggage platform) and was popular with wealthy families because of its adaptability.

  • Seats: 2 passengers + coachman &  groom

  • Horses: 2 or 4